Many people assume that addictions only involve illicit drugs. However, prescription drug abuse and addictions are a growing problem all across the nation. If you worry that you may have a prescription drug abuse problem, Chandler Drug Treatment Centers can help. Call (602) 358-2954 now to take the necessary steps for a lasting recovery.
Prescription drug abuse is the repeated misuse and overuse of prescription drugs. It is both chronic and progressive, meaning that it is a continued behavior over a prolonged period of time and that it gets more severe or worsens over time. Misuse can be achieved in several different ways. If a person who is not prescribed the medication is using it, the behavior is considered to be drug abuse. Additionally, if a person takes a higher dosage of the drug or more frequent doses than instructed, this is also considered abuse. Using a prescription drug for recreational purposes or to treat something other than the condition or issue that it is meant to treat would also be considered drug abuse.
While based on the definition of prescription drug abuse, any drug can be abused. There are some that are abused far more often than others. This is due to the chemical effects those drugs have on the brain and nervous system, and of course, the side effects of use and abuse. Some categories of commonly abused drugs include:
Opiates are drugs that are most often prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. This can be acute pain such as that from an injury or accident, or chronic pain such as a permanent condition or disorder. Opiates block pain receptors in the body and also affect the brain stem, slowing all of the major body processes such as heart rate and respiration rate. These effects can cause a person to feel extremely calm and relaxed, and may even cause euphoria. Often, opiate addiction leads to heroin addiction, as the street drug is cheaper and easier to obtain. Some of the most common opiates include:
Sedatives are drugs that are designed to suppress or slow the central nervous system, and may also be referred to as CNS (central nervous system) depressants. These drugs most commonly treat anxiety disorders as well as seizure disorders like epilepsy. These drugs are designed to help a person feel calm and relaxed, but can also cause a euphoric feeling. Some examples of sedatives include:
Stimulants are drugs that are prescribed to excite the central nervous system as well as operations and functions in the brain. These drugs are commonly prescribed for ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and in some cases seizure disorders. The common side effects of stimulants include increased energy and focus as well as euphoria and a loss or reduction of appetite. Stimulant drugs include:
When a person develops a prescription drug addiction or abuse problem, the first step in drug rehab treatment is detox. Medical detox is the best option in that it is supervised by doctors and they can intervene if withdrawal symptoms become serious. In some cases, they can also help to make the detox process gradual through the use of drugs administered at specific points in the process. After detoxing, a person should continue in their addiction treatment with individual and group counseling as well as various other treatment options.
When you are ready to overcome your prescription drug abuse problem or addiction, call Chandler Drug Treatment Centers at (602) 358-2954.